Custom Turabian Papers

The art of academic writing is incomplete without the knowledge of the correct usage of various referencing styles. More often than not university students submit their academic write-ups without proper citations and referencing. Turabian referencing style is an extension of the Chicago referencing format. As students, we find referencing to be the toughest part of academic writing but what we generally forget is that referencing not only adds to the academic value of your write up but improves your score.

Now before it might sound like too preachy, I shall clear the air for you!

In our higher education system, students are required to submit around ten to fifteen academic writings per semester on various subjects in about a week’s time. Now you cannot disagree with me when I say it is way too much of a burden that an already burdened student can take along with the pressure of several internal/ external exams and not forget the short deadlines within which one is supposed to submit these academic write-ups. Indeed as students, we go through a lot of pressure.

Worry not; we have got your back!

All your turabian referencing style related woes will be a thing of the past, after you have read and understood this article. Through this article we would make you understand the basics of turabian referencing style.

Here is all the low down on the basic areas that you should know in order to be an ace at turabian referencing style.

Let us simplify it for you!

What is Turabian referencing style?

A manual published by the University of Chicago Press for writers of dissertation, research papers and thesis. This style described in this manual is commonly referred as turabian referencing style or turabian style after the manual’s original author, Kate L. Turabian who had originally developed it for the University of Chicago. Essentially it is a style guide for formatting and writing research papers for example the arrangement, punctuation of the turabian footnotes, turabian bibliographies etc.

In order to reflect the recommendations of the sixteenth edition of The Chicago Manual of Style and to present an extended array of source types and updated examples including ways of citing electronic sources, its eighth edition has undergone a massive revision. Turabian style differs from MLA and APA style which are referencing style guides by scholarly organizations in only minor punctuation details. It enables use of endnotes and footnotes in combination with parenthetical referencing.

The eighth edition of turabian manual provides two primary documentation systems which are turabian in text (parenthetical) citations reference list style and notes bibliography style. Majorly, these styles are same as those presented in The Chicago Manual of Style, 15th edition barring few modifications in order to cater the needs of student writers.

Format of Turabian Style Citations

There are turabian formats for referencing every possible source that a student is required to cite beginning from books, eBooks, journal articles, newspapers, web content, multimedia materials, lecture notes, conference proceedings to thesis. Following are the most commonly used turabian formats:

PAPER:  Turabian style paper consists of a turabian title page or a title on the first page of the text. Turabian title page includes a tile which is centrally located third of the way down the page followed by student name and class information several lines later. In order to place the subtitles, first the title line should be ended with a colon then subtitle should be place on the line below the title. It consists of a main body with titles mentioned in notes and texts. Turabian bibliography consists of capitalised headline style wherein any important words, first words of titles and titles are to be written in capitals. In order to describe periods lower case terms should be used except in the case of proper nouns for example “the colonial period” vs. “the Victorian era”.

BIBLIOGRAPHY: Turabian bibliography requires that the first page of the back matter and the comprehensive list of sources should be labelled i.e. “Bibliography” for notes and bibliography style, “References” for author date style. Two blanks should be left between “Bibliography” or “References” and your first entry and one blank between the remaining entries.

If the publication date of the printed work cannot ascertained, then abbreviation “n.d” should be used. In case a source has no identifiable author then in that case it should be cited by its title both on the references page and throughout the text in shortened form i.e. up to four keywords from that title in parenthetical citations. And in case you cannot name a specific page when called for, section (sec.), equation (eq.), volume (vol.) or note (n.) can be used as an option.

According to the first word in each entry, all the entries should be listed letter by letter in alphabetical order.  All names should be written in case of two or three authors and in case of four to ten authors all names should be written in the bibliography but only the first author’s name plus “et al.” in notes and parenthetical citations.

Format of Turabian Footnotes

Turabian style footnotes require the note numbers to begin with “1” and then consecutively follow throughout the given paper. The first line of the footnote should be indented with 0.5 inch from the left margin and subsequent lines in the footnote should be formatted flush left. An extra line space should be in between footnotes.

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