Custom APA Paper
Academic writing is the backbone of our education system and no academic writing is complete without proper citations and referencing. The importance of correct usage of the required referencing style can hardly be over emphasised. APA Referencing Style is used in mostly business subjects. Referencing is an inevitable part of the entire academic writing process. However, students find it to be one of the toughest and dreadful part of academic writing.
You would be thinking, what is all this rambling about?
Well, squarely speaking our university curriculums are such that a student is required to submit around ten to fifteen academic writings per semester on various subjects in about a week’s time. Now you’ll agree with me when I say it is way too much of a burden that an already burdened student can take along with the pressure of several internal/ external exams and not to forget the short, time deadlines within which one is supposed to submit these essays. Indeed, as students, we go through a lot of pressure.
Before worries begin to hit you, let me tell you we have got you covered!
All your APA referencing style related woes will be a thing of the past after you have read and understood this article. Through this article, we would make you understand the basics of APA referencing style.
Here is all the low down on the basic areas that you should know in order to be an ace at APA referencing style.
Let us break the ice for you, first things first!
What Is APA Referencing Style?
APA stands for American Psychological Association. APA referencing style is most frequently used in the social sciences, in order to cite various sources. Reference to an unpublished (not necessarily an original source) or a published source in an academic write- up is how citation is generally defined. Technically speaking, a citation is an expression in the form of alphabets and numbers mentioned in the body of an academic work which represents an entry in the bibliography section of the work as an acknowledgement of the intellectual works of others on the subject at the spot where the citation appears. The in-body citation and the bibliographic entry together constitute a citation whereas bibliographic entries by themselves are not
The in-body citation and the bibliographic entry together constitute a citation whereas bibliographic entries by themselves are not a citation. The style guide of American Psychological Association (APA), titled the Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association (APA), (6th ed) is its codified version. The APA Citation Guide is revised as per the 6th edition of the APA Manual which provides the general APA format for APA in-text citations and the APA reference page.
There are various universities like the University of Western Australia, University of Waikato, University of Southern Queensland, University of Huddersfield, University of Arizona, Victoria University etc. which prefer APA referencing style for citing sources in the in their academic submissions.
Various APA Reference Formats
There are APA referencing formats for every possible source that a student is required to cite beginning from books, eBooks, journal articles, newspapers, web content, multimedia materials, lecture notes, conference proceedings to thesis. Following are the most commonly used APA reference formats:
BOOKS & EBOOKS: In APA, the basic reference list entry for a book in print version includes author/authors name, the surname is followed by the first initials, in round brackets the year of the publication the book, in italics the title of the book, place of publication, publisher. The first line of each citation should be left adjusted. Line indentation should five to seven spaces. An example of APA in-text citation in the case of a single author book would be: “It is self-identification…”(Fuller, 2011, pp.34-35). Or “Fuller (2011, pp. 34-35) suggests that self-identification. Also, page number can be added to a direct quote.
An example of APA reference list in case of a single author book would be: Fuller, C. F. (2011). Sociology, gender and educational aspirations: Girls and their ambitions. Albany, NY: Continuum International. So this fundamental APA citation format is to be applied to various permutations and combinations like citing a book with volume numbers, classical or religious text, with eight or more authors and editors etc.
WEBSITE: In APA, the basic reference list entry for a web page or web document includes author or author’s name, the surname is followed by first initials, year (in round brackets), title and web address. First line of each citation should be left adjusted. Line indentation five to seven spaces. An example of an APA website citation in case of an in-text citation would be: (Allen, 2004). An example of APA reference list in case of a web document would be: Allen, D. (2004).Retrieved from http://www.effectivemeetings.com/meetingbasics/.
THESIS/PAPER: In APA, the basic reference list entry for a thesis or paper includes author name, the surname is followed by first initials, year (in round brackets), title, level of thesis/paper (in round brackets), university, city and country. The first line of each citation is left adjusted. Every subsequent line is indented 5-7 spaces. An example of APA paper format in the case of a published paper would be: (Blinder, 2009).
BIBLIOGRAPHY: The basics of APA bibliography format require the list of works cited to begin at the end of the paper on a new page with the centre titled, references. Alphabetize the entries in your list by author’s last name, letter by letter system ignoring spaces and punctuation. An example of APA bibliography format in case of a book would be: Toomer, J. (1988). Cane. Ed. Darwin T. Turner. New York: Norton.